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Drew Neil - Practical Vim: Edit Text at the Speed of Thought, 2nd Edition [2015, PDF, ENG]

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Practical Vim: Edit Text at the Speed of Thought, 2nd Edition
Год издания: 2015
Автор: Drew Neil
Издательство: Pragmatic Bookshelf
ISBN: 978-1680501278
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Издательский макет или текст (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Да
Количество страниц: 320
Описание: Vim is a fast and efficient text editor that will make you a faster and more efficient developer. It's available on almost every OS, and if you master the techniques in this book, you'll never need another text editor. In more than 120 Vim tips, you'll quickly learn the editor's core functionality and tackle your trickiest editing and writing tasks. This beloved bestseller has been revised and updated to Vim 7.4 and includes three brand-new tips and five fully revised tips.
A highly configurable, cross-platform text editor, Vim is a serious tool for programmers, web developers, and sysadmins who want to raise their game. No other text editor comes close to Vim for speed and efficiency; it runs on almost every system imaginable and supports most coding and markup languages.
Learn how to edit text the "Vim way": complete a series of repetitive changes with The Dot Formula using one keystroke to strike the target, followed by one keystroke to execute the change. Automate complex tasks by recording your keystrokes as a macro. Discover the "very magic" switch that makes Vim's regular expression syntax more like Perl's. Build complex patterns by iterating on your search history. Search inside multiple files, then run Vim's substitute command on the result set for a project-wide search and replace. All without installing a single plugin! Three new tips explain how to run multiple ex commands as a batch, autocomplete sequences of words, and operate on a complete search match.
Practical Vim, Second Edition will show you new ways to work with Vim 7.4 more efficiently, whether you're a beginner or an intermediate Vim user. All this, without having to touch the mouse.

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Contents
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . xi
Foreword to the First Edition. . . . . . . . . xv
Read Me . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii
Read the Forgotten Manual . . . . . . . . . xix
1. The Vim Way . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Tip 1. Meet the Dot Command 1
Tip 2. Don’t Repeat Yourself 4
Tip 3. Take One Step Back, Then Three Forward 6
Tip 4. Act, Repeat, Reverse 8
Tip 5. Find and Replace by Hand 9
Tip 6. Meet the Dot Formula 11
Part I — Modes
2. Normal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Tip 7. Pause with Your Brush Off the Page 16
Tip 8. Chunk Your Undos 16
Tip 9. Compose Repeatable Changes 18
Tip 10. Use Counts to Do Simple Arithmetic 20
Tip 11. Don’t Count If You Can Repeat 22
Tip 12. Combine and Conquer 24
3. Insert Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Tip 13. Make Corrections Instantly from Insert Mode 29
Tip 14. Get Back to Normal Mode 30
Tip 15. Paste from a Register Without Leaving Insert Mode 31
Tip 16. Do Back-of-the-Envelope Calculations in Place 33
Tip 17. Insert Unusual Characters by Character Code 34
Tip 18. Insert Unusual Characters by Digraph 35
Tip 19. Overwrite Existing Text with Replace Mode 36
4. Visual Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Tip 20. Grok Visual Mode 39
Tip 21. Define a Visual Selection 41
Tip 22. Repeat Line-Wise Visual Commands 43
Tip 23. Prefer Operators to Visual Commands Where
Possible 45
Tip 24. Edit Tabular Data with Visual-Block Mode 47
Tip 25. Change Columns of Text 49
Tip 26. Append After a Ragged Visual Block 50
5. Command-Line Mode . . . . . . . . . . 53
Tip 27. Meet Vim’s Command Line 53
Tip 28. Execute a Command on One or More Consecutive
Lines 56
Tip 29. Duplicate or Move Lines Using ‘:t’ and ‘:m’
Commands 61
Tip 30. Run Normal Mode Commands Across a Range 63
Tip 31. Repeat the Last Ex Command 65
Tip 32. Tab-Complete Your Ex Commands 67
Tip 33. Insert the Current Word at the Command Prompt 68
Tip 34. Recall Commands from History 70
Tip 35. Run Commands in the Shell 72
Tip 36. Run Multiple Ex Commands as a Batch 76
Part II — Files
6. Manage Multiple Files . . . . . . . . . . 83
Tip 37. Track Open Files with the Buffer List 83
Tip 38. Group Buffers into a Collection with the Argument
List 86
Tip 39. Manage Hidden Files 89
Tip 40. Divide Your Workspace into Split Windows 92
Tip 41. Organize Your Window Layouts with Tab Pages 95
7. Open Files and Save Them to Disk . . . . . . . 99
Tip 42. Open a File by Its Filepath Using ‘:edit’ 99
Tip 43. Open a File by Its Filename Using ‘:find’ 102
Tip 44. Explore the File System with netrw 104
Tip 45. Save Files to Nonexistent Directories 107
Tip 46. Save a File as the Super User 108
Part III — Getting Around Faster
8. Navigate Inside Files with Motions . . . . . . . 113
Tip 47. Keep Your Fingers on the Home Row 114
Tip 48. Distinguish Between Real Lines and Display Lines 116
Tip 49. Move Word-Wise 118
Tip 50. Find by Character 120
Tip 51. Search to Navigate 124
Tip 52. Trace Your Selection with Precision Text Objects 126
Tip 53. Delete Around, or Change Inside 129
Tip 54. Mark Your Place and Snap Back to It 131
Tip 55. Jump Between Matching Parentheses 132
9. Navigate Between Files with Jumps. . . . . . . 135
Tip 56. Traverse the Jump List 135
Tip 57. Traverse the Change List 137
Tip 58. Jump to the Filename Under the Cursor 138
Tip 59. Snap Between Files Using Global Marks 141
Part IV — Registers
10. Copy and Paste. . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Delete, Yank, and Put with Vim’s Unnamed
Register 145
Tip 60.
Tip 61. Grok Vim’s Registers 148
Tip 62. Replace a Visual Selection with a Register 153
Tip 63. Paste from a Register 155
Tip 64. Interact with the System Clipboard 158
11. Macros. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Tip 65. Record and Execute a Macro 162
Tip 66. Normalize, Strike, Abort 165
Tip 67. Play Back with a Count 166
Tip 68. Repeat a Change on Contiguous Lines 168
Tip 69. Append Commands to a Macro 172
Tip 70. Act Upon a Collection of Files 173
Tip 71. Evaluate an Iterator to Number Items in a List 177
Tip 72. Edit the Contents of a Macro 180
Part V — Patterns
12. Matching Patterns and Literals . . . . . . . . 185
Tip 73. Tune the Case Sensitivity of Search Patterns 186
Tip 74. Use the \v Pattern Switch for Regex Searches 187
Tip 75. Use the \V Literal Switch for Verbatim Searches 189
Tip 76. Use Parentheses to Capture Submatches 191
Tip 77. Stake the Boundaries of a Word 193
Tip 78. Stake the Boundaries of a Match 194
Tip 79. Escape Problem Characters 195
13. Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
Tip 80. Meet the Search Command 201
Tip 81. Highlight Search Matches 204
Tip 82. Preview the First Match Before Execution 205
Tip 83. Offset the Cursor to the End of a Search Match 206
Tip 84. Operate on a Complete Search Match 208
Tip 85. Create Complex Patterns by Iterating upon Search
History 211
Tip 86. Count the Matches for the Current Pattern 214
Tip 87. Search for the Current Visual Selection 216
14. Substitution . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Tip 88. Meet the Substitute Command 220
Tip 89. Find and Replace Every Match in a File 222
Tip 90. Eyeball Each Substitution 223
Tip 91. Reuse the Last Search Pattern 225
Tip 92. Replace with the Contents of a Register 226
Tip 93. Repeat the Previous Substitute Command 229
Tip 94. Rearrange CSV Fields Using Submatches 232
Tip 95. Perform Arithmetic on the Replacement 233
Tip 96. Swap Two or More Words 234
Tip 97. Find and Replace Across Multiple Files 236
15. Global Commands . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Tip 98. Meet the Global Command 241
Tip 99. Delete Lines Containing a Pattern 242
Tip 100. Collect TODO Items in a Register 244
Tip 101. Alphabetize the Properties of Each Rule in a CSS
File 246
Part VI — Tools
16. Index and Navigate Source Code with ctags . . . . . 253
Tip 102. Meet ctags 253
Tip 103. Configure Vim to Work with ctags 256
Tip 104. Navigate Keyword Definitions with Vim’s Tag
Navigation Commands 258
17. Compile Code and Navigate Errors with the Quickfix List . 263
Tip 105. Compile Code Without Leaving Vim 264
Tip 106. Browse the Quickfix List 266
Tip 107. Recall Results from a Previous Quickfix List 269
Tip 108. Customize the External Compiler 269
18. Search Project-Wide with grep, vimgrep, and Others. . . 273
Tip 109. Call grep Without Leaving Vim 273
Tip 110. Customize the grep Program 275
Tip 111. Grep with Vim’s Internal Search Engine 277
19. Dial X for Autocompletion . . . . . . . . . 281
Tip 112. Meet Vim’s Keyword Autocompletion 281
Tip 113. Work with the Autocomplete Pop-Up Menu 283
Tip 114. Understand the Source of Keywords 285
Tip 115. Autocomplete Words from the Dictionary 287
Tip 116. Autocomplete Entire Lines 288
Tip 117. Autocomplete Sequences of Words 289
Tip 118. Autocomplete Filenames 291
Tip 119. Autocomplete with Context Awareness 293
20. Find and Fix Typos with Vim’s Spell Checker . . . . 295
Tip 120. Spell Check Your Work 295
Tip 121. Use Alternate Spelling Dictionaries 297
Tip 122. Add Words to the Spell File 298
Tip 123. Fix Spelling Errors from Insert Mode 299
21. Now What?. . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Keep Practicing! 301
Make Vim Your Own 301
Know the Saw, Then Sharpen It 302
A1. Customize Vim to Suit Your Preferences . . . . . 303
Change Vim’s Settings on the Fly 303
Save Your Configuration in a vimrc File 304
Apply Customizations to Certain Types of Files 306
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
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